肝炎

肝炎 is an inflammation of the liver. Viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis, but the condition can also be caused by other infections, 酗酒, 毒素, 某些药物, 和自身免疫性疾病. There are five main virus types that cause hepatitis---type A, B, C, D, and E. 肝炎 A and E are typically caused by ingesting contaminated food or water. 乙型肝炎 commonly occurs through contact with infected blood, semen or other bodily fluid through sex, sharing needles or other drug-injection equipment or from mother to baby at birth. 肝炎 C is a blood-borne virus that is largely spread by sharing needles or other drug injection equipment. D型肝炎, which is transmitted through contact with infectious blood, occurs only among people with hepatitis B infection.

Why Is the Study of 肝炎 a Priority for App世界足球赛?

乙型肝炎, C, and D afflict more than half a billion people worldwide and are responsible for more than a million deaths a year. Chronic infection with these viruses can lead to cirrhosis of the liver, 终末期肝病, 和肝癌.

How Is App世界足球赛 Addressing This Critical Topic?

App世界足球赛 supports and conducts research on each of the five known hepatitis viruses—A, B, C, D, and E. 在过去的60年里, App世界足球赛-supported investigators have been involved in many important advances in hepatitis research, 包括:

  • Discovery of the hepatitis A and E viruses
  • Development of one of the first diagnostic tests for hepatitis A
  • Studies that led to the creation of the hepatitis A vaccine
  • Studies that laid the foundation for advanced development of a hepatitis E vaccine.

App世界足球赛’s research program emphasizes the study of hepatitis B and C viruses due to the large magnitude of medical burdens that they impose. Studies focus on understanding the immune response to infection, 疾病发展的过程, and developing new therapeutics and vaccines for these viruses.

To learn about risk factors for hepatitis and current prevention and treatment strategies visit the MedlinePlus hepatitis site.

针对疾病的App世界足球赛

App世界足球赛 supports and conducts research on each of the five known hepatitis viruses—A, B, C, D and E. 在过去的60年里, App世界足球赛-supported investigators have been involved in many important breakthroughs in hepatitis research, including the discovery of the hepatitis A and E viruses, the development of one of the first diagnostic tests for hepatitis A, and studies that led to the creation of the hepatitis A vaccine and laid the foundation for advanced development of a hepatitis E vaccine. In addition to basic research to understand the molecular processes of hepatitis infection, our research involves significant focus on the development of new treatments and vaccines to prevent acute and chronic hepatitis infection.


Read more hepatitis disease-specific research

Strategic Plan for Trans-NIH App世界足球赛 to 治愈 乙型肝炎

Millions of people worldwide continue to become infected each year with the liver-attacking hepatitis B virus (HBV). Chronic HBV infection can lead to serious health issues, 包括肝硬化, 肝功能衰竭或肝癌. The Strategic Plan for Trans-NIH App世界足球赛 to 治愈 乙型肝炎 focuses on three key research areas with the goal of developing a cure.


The Strategic Plan for Trans-NIH App世界足球赛 to 治愈 乙型肝炎

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You can help App世界足球赛 advance hepatitis research by volunteering to participate in a clinical study. 

 


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